Thirty-six years ago the world watched The Buggles’ perform Video Killed the Radio Star on MTV’s first ever music video broadcast. Four years later the channel promoted another Eighties band - Dire Straits - who sang how in return for MTV selling advertising items like microwave ovens custom kitchens, refrigerators and colour TVs, music videos rewarded rock stars with “money for nothin' and chicks for free”.
Buggles’ prediction of video killing radio didn’t fully materialise. However the rise of social media – especially Facebook did manage to put a serious dent on the how much time teenagers and young adults would give to skimming content. (From three minutes – the average music video length - to under eight seconds of flicking through selfies, emoticons and snappy messages).
Now Facebook, which has over 1.9bn monthly users, is about to enter a new phase in its quest to become a one-stop global community channel. As the switch from watching broadcasts on traditional fixed screens to mobile devices has grabbed hold, in addition to scanning through endless pictures of cute kittens and anti-Trump left-wing propaganda, users are searching for genuinely substantive content. So too are advertisers.
Many brands are battle-fatigued from fighting on two fronts: ad blocking software, as well as surfers who ‘zone-out’ during pre-roll promotions before a piece of video content such as a news item.
When content is well under three-minutes, for users the time-cost of enduring ads which can be up to one minute can seem too high to pay. However, people are more likely to put up with the pre-roll promos when quality content is relevant and substantive. In a crowded content space, that offers a ray of hope for brands lost in a dark tunnel intended to bore directly into a surfer’s mind-space.
In April 2016, Facebook launched Facebook Live. “When you interact live, you feel connected in a more personal way. This is a big shift in how we communicate, and it's going to create new opportunities for people to come together” Mark Zuckerberg hailed.
Zuckerberg paid media companies including the New York Times to create streaming live content. However, not every news outlet was convinced. Andrew Morse, general manager of CNN’s digital operations warned that: “For Facebook, these are experiments, but for the media companies looking to partner with significant commitments, it gets to be a bit of whiplash.”
Those relying on advertising alone mostly failed to turn a profit from Facebook Live. Whilst effort was invested into luring viewers to click through to a publisher’s page, few videos featured clickable brand advertising.
Eyeballs equal revenue
To resolve such questions, Facebook is revisiting a well-established formula: where great content lays, loyal surfers visit – and where there’s an audience – so follow advertisers.
The better the content, the longer surfers linger – and richer the brand advertising.
In an effort to ramp up ad revenue, Facebook plans to dip its toes into waters ruled by the likes of YouTube, Snap, Netflix and Amazon. Facebook isn’t trying to compete with paid services Netflix, HBO and Showtime. Rather, it has its sights set on cable networks, and advertising-supported online services with young viewers.
By featuring more TV-style content programming Zuckerberg is hoping to pull some of the billions worth of dollars of current TV ads away from traditional television. (According to Bloomberg Technology, US TV’s advertising market alone is worth $70 billion). Facebook has been steadily planning for a change. Since January 2017, the social channel has reprogrammed its news feed algorithm. More users watch longer videos.
Paul Verna, an analyst at research group eMarketer is sceptical: “Facebook has been successful in pushing people to the smartphone screen, but it might be hard to persuade them to go back to a lean-back kind of experience of Apple TV, Samsung and Roku”.
According to reports, dedicated apps will available on Apple and Android smart TVs. The current app has video tab in the US which helps users discover video instead of having to search through the news feed, as they would when searching YouTube.
Facebook’s idea is to fund original TV-style content. In addition to deals to stream live baseball in USA and football in Mexico, agreements have been struck with companies like Vox, Buzzfeed and Group Nine (the people behind brands like The Dodo and NowThis). Commissions will be for shorts of around ten minutes in length as well as longer shows of up to around 25 minutes. Facebook is thought to be offering $10,000 to $40,000 per ‘shorts’ episode (called ‘spotlight shows’). Publishers retain rights and can distribute on their own site after seven days on Facebook or other platforms two weeks after premiering on Facebook. Producers of longer ‘hero’ shows – thought to be aimed at a female demographic - will receive to $250,000 each, however Facebook will own the rights. All shows will be episodic and designed to stimulate Facebook chats.
Producers considering the initiative will weigh up time and money against returns – bearing in mind the track record of Facebook Live. One publisher told Digiday that most of his company’s Facebook Live content “was seen by very few people.”
The existing case for combining TV and Facebook
Even without a dedicated Facebook TV-style channel, Kantar Millward Brown's Cross Media studies conducted over the last 4 years suggest that when Facebook and TV are combined in a media plan, in terms of reach, efficiency and brand impact result, the mix delivered higher brand returns than TV alone
Higher reach: Facebook delivers the most efficient reach of 40% for just 3% of marketing spends. In combining Facebook and TV in a media plan, Facebook adds to overall reach by +6.2%.
Delivering efficient reach together
In addition to the reach of the duo being higher than that of TV alone, when Facebook and TV are joined, Facebook also delivers incremental reach at 38% lower cost than TV alone.
Delivering higher brand impact together
The combination of TV and Facebook delivered 25% more brand impact than that of TV alone.
Revamped Mentions app
Alongside the TV initiative, Facebook reportedly intends to roll out an overhauled version of its existing Mentions app. The new app will cater to video creators, celebrities and other public figures with large fan bases looking to produce and publish live videos to the social network; touch base with fans across Facebook, Instagram and Messenger; and – crucially for brands - track video performance. The app will open, Snapchat-style, to a camera screen when launched.
Back to the future
MTV was the original short-form video channel, kicking off with music story videos to becoming a lifestyle community channel featuring half-hour and hour-long reality shows such as Punked, Catfish, Jersey Shore and scripted shows including The Real World and The Hills.
Facebook will assuredly be banking that its creativity will deliver profits, which when compared with larger digital TV channels formats, will turn out to be money for next to nothing – depending of course on whether their chicks will come home to roost.